Exploring genetic interaction manifolds constructed from rich single-cell phenotypes.

Transcriptomes heatmap example

Norman et al. (2019) Science. CC BY 4.0

Norman TM, Horlbeck MA, Replogle JM, Ge AY, Xu A, Jost M, Gilbert LA, Weissman JS.

Science

August 23, 2019

How cellular and organismal complexity emerges from combinatorial expression of genes is a central question in biology. High-content phenotyping approaches such as Perturb-seq (single-cell RNA-sequencing pooled CRISPR screens) present an opportunity for exploring such genetic interactions (GIs) at scale. Here, we present an analytical framework for interpreting high-dimensional landscapes of cell states (manifolds) constructed from transcriptional phenotypes. We applied this approach to Perturb-seq profiling of strong GIs mined from a growth-based, gain-of-function GI map. Exploration of this manifold enabled ordering of regulatory pathways, principled classification of GIs (e.g., identifying suppressors), and mechanistic elucidation of synergistic interactions, including an unexpected synergy between CBL and CNN1 driving erythroid differentiation. Finally, we applied recommender system machine learning to predict interactions, facilitating exploration of vastly larger GI manifolds.

Program:
CTD²
Last updated: September 05, 2019