Functional genomic landscape of acute myeloid leukaemia.

Tyner JW, Tognon CE, Bottomly D, Wilmot B, Kurtz SE, Savage SL, Long N, Schultz AR, Traer E, Abel M, Agarwal A, Blucher A, Borate U, Bryant J, Burke R, Carlos A, Carpenter R, Carroll J, Chang BH, Coblentz C, d'Almeida A, Cook R, Danilov A, Dao KT, Degnin M, Devine D, Dibb J, Edwards DK 5th, Eide CA, English I, Glover J, Henson R, Ho H, Jemal A, Johnson K, Johnson R, Junio B, Kaempf A, Leonard J, Lin C, Liu SQ, Lo P, Loriaux MM, Luty S, Macey T, MacManiman J, Martinez J, Mori M, Nelson D, Nichols C, Peters J, Ramsdill J, Rofelty A, Schuff R, Searles R, Segerdell E, Smith RL, Spurgeon SE, Sweeney T, Thapa A, Visser C, Wagner J, Watanabe-Smith K, Werth K, Wolf J, White L, Yates A, Zhang H, Cogle CR, Collins RH, Connolly DC, Deininger MW, Drusbosky L, Hourigan CS, Jordan CT, Kropf P, Lin TL, Martinez ME, Medeiros BC, Pallapati RR, Pollyea DA, Swords RT, Watts JM, Weir SJ, Wiest DL, Winters RM, McWeeney SK, Druker BJ.

Nature

October 17, 2018

The implementation of targeted therapies for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has been challenging because of the complex mutational patterns within and across patients as well as a dearth of pharmacologic agents for most mutational events. Here we report initial findings from the Beat AML programme on a cohort of 672 tumour specimens collected from 562 patients. We assessed these specimens using whole-exome sequencing, RNA sequencing and analyses of ex vivo drug sensitivity. Our data reveal mutational events that have not previously been detected in AML. We show that the response to drugs is associated with mutational status, including instances of drug sensitivity that are specific to combinatorial mutational events. Integration with RNA sequencing also revealed gene expression signatures, which predict a role for specific gene networks in the drug response. Collectively, we have generated a dataset-accessible through the Beat AML data viewer (Vizome)-that can be leveraged to address clinical, genomic, transcriptomic and functional analyses of the biology of AML.

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Last updated: October 22, 2018