Quantitative assessment of protein activity in orphan tissues and single cells using the metaVIPER algorithm.

Heat map of the expression of ABC transporter genes in Tetrahymena

Heat map of the expression of ABC transporter genes in Tetrahymena https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 

Ding H, Douglass EF Jr., Sonabend AM, Mela A, Bose S, Gonzalez C, Canoll PD, Sims PA, Alvarez MJ, Califano A

Nature Communications

April 16, 2018

We and others have shown that transition and maintenance of biological states is controlled by master regulator proteins, which can be inferred by interrogating tissue-specific regulatory models (interactomes) with transcriptional signatures, using the VIPER algorithm. Yet, some tissues may lack molecular profiles necessary for interactome inference (orphan tissues), or, as for single cells isolated from heterogeneous samples, their tissue context may be undetermined. To address this problem, we introduce metaVIPER, an algorithm designed to assess protein activity in tissue-independent fashion by integrative analysis of multiple, non-tissue-matched interactomes. This assumes that transcriptional targets of each protein will be recapitulated by one or more available interactomes. We confirm the algorithm's value in assessing protein dysregulation induced by somatic mutations, as well as in assessing protein activity in orphan tissues and, most critically, in single cells, thus allowing transformation of noisy and potentially biased RNA-Seq signatures into reproducible protein-activity signatures.

Last updated: October 31, 2018