Genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screen identifies bromodomain-containing protein 9, a subunit of chromatin remodeling complex, SWI/SNF, as a therapeutic target in SMARCB1-deficient pediatric malignant rhabdoid tumors.
UCSF (2) CTD2 scientists discovered a key dendritic cell-type, cDC2, as being critical to prime CD4+ T cells for antitumor functions. They also identified a pathway, regulated by T-regulatory cells, that modulates the ability of these cells to drive protective immunity.
Study shows that pancreatic cancer patients with high levels of tumor suppressor, protein kinase C, and low levels of phosphatase, PHLPP1, have improved survival.
Scientists studied the mechanisms of resistance to neoadjuvant therapy in triple-negative breast cancer and identified mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation as a potential dependency, a nongenomic mechanism of resistance.
UCSF scientists developed a searchable database of the synthetic lethal screen https://mmues.shinyapps.io/K7screen/; generated by performing a saturation screen with an ultra-complex shRNA library containing 30 independent shRNAs per gene target in cell lines treated with PI3K inhibitor.
CTD2 scientists at Broad Institute integrated genome-wide CRISPR screening and lipidomic profiling and identified the hypoxia-inducible factor pathways as an intrinsic vulnerability to ferroptosis. This vulnerability can be exploited by inhibiting glutathione peroxidase 4 in clear-cell carcinomas.
Perspective on the role of immune system in different tissues and how it contributes to disease when the prototype gets dysregulated or dysfunctional.
Review on the mechanisms of regulating oncogenic RAS signaling pathway in cancer and strategies for drugging “undruggable” targets.
Scientists at the Emory University CTD2 Center developed the High-Throughput immunomodulator Phenotypic (HTiP) screening platform to explore PPI inhibitors, as immunomodulators. This screening identified the Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (IAP) as anti-tumor immunity enhancers.
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists analyzed data from genome-wide RNAi and CRISPR-Cas9 screens. Results of this study showed the hypoxia-inducing factor, EGLN1, as a preferential and druggable cancer dependency in a subset of cancer cell lines.