TARGET study associated RNA signatures of cytotoxic tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with the presence of activated NK-/T-cells and suggested improved outcomes in newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma patients with MYCN-NA tumor.
Authors identified transcription factor activating protein 4 (TFAP4) as a critical effector of MYCN amplification in neuroblastoma and showed that silencing TFAP4 inhibits MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cell growth.
Scientists proposed a framework to investigate the genomic alterations in neuroblastoma subtypes and identified TEAD4, a transcription factor, as a novel target for therapy.
This study by TARGET researchers analyzed DNA changes and sequenced the genomes, exomes, and transcriptomes of 1,699 pediatric leukemia and solid tumors. Out of the 142 genes associated with cancer in these pediatric patients, only 45% matched those found in similar studies of adult cancers.
A study of nearly 1,000 pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases revealed marked differences between the genomic landscapes of pediatric and adult AML and offered directions for future work.
Molecular assessment of participants from pediatric AML trials showed that recurrent structural alterations and age-specific mutational profiles can be used to stratify subjects in terms of overall and progression-free survival, and it highlighted the need for age-tailored targeted therapies.
Researchers identified abundant expression of miR-106a, a marker for treatment resistance, in relapsed and refractory pediatric AML through a comprehensive miRNA profile to identify potential biomarkers as predictors for improved outcomes.